What Is Gum Disease?

Almost everyone has heard about this distressing dental condition, but exactly what is gum disease?

Treatment For Gum DiseaseA broad description would be that it is a condition where the gums are inflamed, sore, or infected.

However there are several types of the condition, with the three most common being:

  • Periodontitis
  • Gingivitis
  • Trench Mouth (acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis)

While some gum problems can be easily treated, others can be much more difficult to treat.

The treatment for gingivitis may simply involve a strenuous oral hygiene regime, stringently removing plaque, and using best mouthwash for gingivitis.

On the other hand, the treatment for ANUG (trench mouth) may require treatment with antibiotics or another course of action.

Serious diseases of the gums can also involve damage to the jawbone which holds the teeth in place.

Symptoms Of Gum Disease

Symptoms are not always present, especially in the early stages. As the condition worsens there will be noticeable signs and symptoms of gum infection.

Early signs that may be present are:

Gingivitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation of the gums
  • Bloody gums, especially after you brush your teeth

Periodontal Gum Disease Symptoms

  • Inflamed gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Loose or wobbling teeth
  • Bad taste in mouth
  • Dental abscess

ANUG (Trench Mouth) Symptoms

  • Bad taste or metallic taste in the mouth
  • Bleeding gums
  • Ulcers that bleed
  • Sore throat or trouble swallowing
  • Fever

It’s important to point out that everyone is different, and while some people may display these symptoms some may not.

Also some of these symptoms may relate to another health condition and can only be diagnosed by a professional.

What Causes Gum Disease?

The main cause is due to dental plaque forming a layer on the surface of the teeth and gums. This can lead to a buildup of harmful bacteria which then attacks the teeth and gums.

However, there are other causes of this condition and people who have an increased chance of developing it.

Hormonal changes, pregnancy, smoking, and diabetes are just a few factors that could increase the chances of developing various types of gum disease.

Other risk factors are:

  • Medications
  • Undernourishment
  • Stress
  • Genetics

Treatment For Gum Disease

The treatment will depend on the severity of the condition, with mild cases being easy to solve.

Mild gingivitis home treatment could involve brushing your teeth several times a day, regular dental flossing, and using a good plaque preventing mouthwash.

A variety of natural remedies are often promoted, either via products or lists.

These often include a variety of vitamins which are said to build the immune system, thereby strengthening the teeth and gums.

Other natural remedies are said to alter the body chemistry making plaque less likely to form.

Whether these natural remedies actually have any significant effect on the gums is debatable, but without knowing the true extent of a problem it’s hard to measure results.

Visiting a dental clinic will allow your condition to be diagnosed, assessed, and treated.

X rays may be required to determine the health of your teeth, gums, and the jaw bone.

Your dentist may use a special tooth to press between your teeth to check them.

Your dentist may use a special tool to remove tarter and advise on the best cleaning regime, both for your condition and for helping to prevent plaque from forming again.

If you are in the further stages of periodontitis then you may be given a course of antibiotics, or referred to a periodontist who specializes in this field.

One treatment for mild to severe gum disease is through the use of laser gum surgery.

Mild gingivitis is fairly easy to cure, in most cases. However, if you simply ignore the problem of bleeding sore gums it could lead to something more difficult to treat.

The worst cases can lead to gums shrinking and damage to the jaw bone. This will result in teeth becoming slack and the teeth have to be removed or just simply fall out.

Severe periodontitis may not be cured fully, but taking the appropriate measure might prevent the condition from deteriorating any further.

Many people develop problems because they avoid the dentist due to a phobia. However, this just allows the gums to deteriorate which then requires more extensive treatment.

You can enquire about being sedated if you are nervous, and this should help a great deal.

Regular dental checks can not only diagnose the early stages of periodontal disease, but they can also detect the early stages of more serious conditions, such as mouth cancer.

Therefore, it is very important to visit a dentist regularly.

Even the most fastidious person can develop gum disease, but catching it early definitely makes it easier to treat.