The most common type is known as denture stomatitis, because it occurs in the mouth of the denture wearer. However, it can be a problem for others who wear another appliance such as dental braces.
The skin underneath an oral appliance may become inflamed, which can lead to ulcers forming or oral candidiasis (oral thrush).
Sometimes, the mouth condition can develop with no obvious symptoms, and it is only discovered during an oral examination by a doctor or visit to a dentist.
The most common causes of the infection are:
- Failing to remove dentures at night
- An existing health problem or the medication used to treat it
- Bad dental hygiene
- Damaged or badly fitting dentures
Wearing dirty dentures will allow bacteria to multiply and can cause irritation to the delicate surfaces of the mouth. A warm environment makes an ideal breeding ground, not only for bacteria but for the overgrowth of yeast.
Some medication and long term health conditions have an effect on the body chemistry, making them more prone to yeast infections.
The problem is often more common in the older population. However, this could be because more seniors are likely to wear false teeth.
Also many seniors avoid getting new dentures because of the cost involved, and therefore simply put up with badly fitting dentures. There ways for seniors to cut dental costs, rather than just suffering.
Treating Dental Stomatitis
The treatment of this dental problem varies, according to the severity. You may be recommended to use a medicated mouthwash, which contains ingredients that should solve the problem.
If the condition is very painful or more established, you may need medication designed to eradicate oral thrush.
You will also be advised on ways to prevent the problem from coming back.
Using a mouthwash daily and cleaning your teeth after meals, are just a couple of things that can help.
If you are a denture wearer then you would be advised to remove your false teeth at night, which allows your mouth and gums to have a rest. It also allows you to leave your teeth soaking in a denture bath or sonic cleaner, if you wish. Alternatively, you can simply clean them properly the following morning before putting them back in.
If dental stomatitis has arisen due to badly fitting teeth, then they may need to be replaced.
If the problem has arisen due to the wearing of dental braces, then your dentist can advise on the best way to treat your situation according to the type of dental brace your are wearing.