One of the most feared oral conditions today is osteonecrosis of the jaw.
This serious disease is unavoidable in some instances, and can be successfully treated in many cases.
However, learning about prevention could lower your risk of getting it.
What Is Osteonecrosis Of The Jaw
The word Osteo relates to the bones, and the word Necrosis means the death of living cells.
When parts of the jawbone are exposed for an extended period of time, the maxillary or mandibular will be starved of blood and begin to die.
If this happens, then Osteonecrosis (ONJ) will usually be the diagnosis.
What Causes Osteonecrosis Of The Jaw
There are many causes of ONJ, ranging from the use of certain medications, to a side effect of essential medical treatment.
For instance, some cancer treatments can lead to the development of ONJ.
The use of bisphosphonates to treat osteoporosis can also lead to a higher risk of developing osteonecrosis.
If you are taking bisphosphonates then you should inform your dentist of the fact, as this will help them decide the best course for your dental work.
The use of steroids and osteomyelitis may also lead to an increased risk.
The onset of osteonecrosis of occurs after tooth extraction, as the jawbone is exposed once a tooth has been removed.
Gum disease and periodontal disease are also major risk factors. Therefore anything that can be done to avoid diseases of the gums should be undertaken, whether there are other risk factors or not.
There are dental options with regard to oral hygiene which will help you to avoid or manage gum disease.
Reducing Your Risk Of Osteonecrosis Of The Jaw
- There are simple methods to reducing your risk of ONJ.
- Maintain a strict dental hygiene program
- Keep your teeth in good order, avoiding things that increase tooth decay
- Visit a dentist as soon as tooth decay is evident
- Inform your dentist of any medications which increase the risk
There are several form of treatment for treating ONJ.
In some cases ozonotherapy is used, while in other cases antibiotics and mouth rinses are used to manage the problem.
Intervention by surgery is also an option in some instances, but the specific treatment will be decided by the periodontist or specialist.
Treatment will be chosen to suit the individual person, and it may be that several options are tried.
Finally, if you are in a higher risk group you should not just simply avoid going to the dentist.
Allowing gum and periodontal disease to develop will only increase your chances of tooth decay, and what could have resulted in a small filling might require tooth extraction.
Dental clinics can offer suitable alternatives to high risk groups, and also simply monitor the situation more closely, so long as they are aware of the problems.
There is no doubt that osteonecrosis of the jaw is a serious matter, but with the right care it can be avoided or at least treated.
You can read more here: Osteonecrosis Of The Jaw